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A dentist will not order a tooth extraction without thoroughly reviewing your dental history. Dental X-rays will also be taken to check the affected tooth/teeth's size and position. This is required to determine the complexity of the procedure and to determine if you will need to see an oral surgeon.
In some cases, a simple tooth extraction may be done where a local anesthetic will be injected at the area surrounding the tooth. Once the area is numb, a tool called an elevator is used to loosen the tooth. Dental forceps are then used to extract the tooth.
There are several reasons why a patient may need a dental extraction. For children who still have their milk teeth, an extraction may be performed in order to make way for the permanent teeth to erupt. It may also be needed for people who have irreversible tooth damage due to cavities. There are also cases where a tooth extraction is done before having braces. This is to allow teeth movement once the process of alignment is started.